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Table of Contents


About the Editors and the Contributors
Adams, John
Adamson v. California (1947)
Admission of New States
Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations
Affirmative Action
Affordable Care Act (Obamacare)
Age Discrimination
Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967
Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933
Albany Plan
Alien and Sedition Acts
Amendment Process
Amendment Process
American Indians and Federalism
American Legion, et al. v. American Humanist Association, et al. (2019)
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (2009)
American System
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
Annapolis Convention of 1786
Arizona v. United States (2012)
Articles of Confederation
Articles of Confederation (full document)


Bailey v. Drexel Furniture Company (1922)
Baker v. Carr (1962)
Baldwin v. Montana Fish and Game Commission (1978)
Barron v. Baltimore (1833)
Benton v. Maryland (1969)
Bill of Rights
Bingham, John A.
Black Codes
Black, Hugo L.
Block Grants
Brandeis, Louis D.
Brennan, William J., Jr.
Bronson v. Kinzie (1843)
Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
Burbank v. Lockheed Air Terminal (1973)
Burger, Warren Earl
Burgess, Michael
Bush v. Gore (2000)


Calhoun, John C.
Cantwell v. Connecticut (1940)
Capital Punishment
Carter v. Carter Coal Company (1936)
Categorical Grants
Chamber of Commerce of the United States v. Whiting (2011)
Champion v. Ames (1903)
Charles River Bridge Company v. Warren Bridge Company (1837)
Chiafalo v. Washington (2020)
Chisholm v. Georgia (1793)
City of Boerne v. Flores (1997)
Civil Rights
Civil Rights Act of 1875
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Civil Rights Act of 1965
Civil War
Clark, Jane Perry
Clay, Henry
Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972
Coercive Federalism
Cohens v. Virginia (1821)
Cole v. Arkansas (1948)
Colegrove v. Green (1946)
Commerce among the States
Commerce Clause
Commerce with Foreign Nations
Commerce with the Indian Tribes
Common Core State Standards (inc. Race to the Top) (2009)
Community Development Block Grants
Compact Theory of the U.S. Constitution
Competitive Federalism
Comprehensive Employment and Training Act
Compromise of 1850
Concurrent Powers
Conditional Grants
Confederate States of America
Connecticut Compromise
Constitutional Convention of 1787
Continental Congress
Contract Clause
Contract with America
Cooley v. Board of Wardens (1852)
Cooperative Federalism
Corfield v. Coryell (1823)
Council of State Governments
Councils of Governments
County Government
Craig v. Boren (1976)
Creative Federalism
Criminal Justice
Crosby v. National Foreign Trade Council (2000)
Crosscutting Requirements
Crossover Sanctions
Cruzan v. Missouri Department of Health (1990)


Dairy Compacts
Darby Lumber Company v. United States (1941)
Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819)
De Jonge v. Oregon (1937)
Declaration of Independence
Dillon’s Rule
Direct Election of Senators
District of Columbia v. Heller
Diversity of Citizenship Jurisdiction
Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization (2022)
Dormant Commerce Clause
Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857)
Dual Citizenship
Dual Federalism
Due Process
Duncan v. Louisiana (1968)
Dunn v. Blumstein (1972)


Economic Development
Economic Opportunity Act of 1964
Education Commission of the States
Edwards v. California (1941)
Eisenhower, Dwight D.
Electoral College
Electric Industry Restructuring
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965
Eleventh Amendment
Eminent Domain
Enumerated Powers of the U.S. Constitution
Environmental Policy
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission v. Wyoming (1983)
Equal Protection of the Laws
Equal Rights Amendment
Erie Railroad Co. v. Tompkins (1938)
Everson v. Board of Education (1947)
Exclusionary Rule
Exclusive Powers
Executive Branch Organizations
Executive Order
Executive Orders
Extradition and Rendition


Federal Courts
Federal-Local Relations
Federal-State Relations
Federalism Summit
Fifteenth Amendment
Fiscal Federalism
Fletcher v. Peck (1810)
Foreign Affairs and Federalism
Formula Grants
Fourteenth Amendment
Franchise Tax Board of California v. Hyatt (2019)
Frankfurter, Felix
Franklin, Benjamin
Fugitive Slave Acts
Fugitive Slave Provision: Article IV
Fugitive Slaves and American Federalism
Full Faith and Credit Clause: Article IV, Section 1
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
Furman v. Georgia (1972)


Gamble v. United States (2019)
Garcia v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority (1985)
Gender and Federalism
General Revenue Sharing
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
Gitlow v. New York (1925)
Gonzales v. Oregon (2006)
Gonzales v. Raich (2005)
Governors and Federalism
Graves, W. Brooke
Great Society
Gregg v. Georgia (1971)
Gregg v. Georgia (1976)
Griffin v. California
Griggs v. Duke Powers Company (1971)
Griswold v. Connecticut
Griswold v. Connecticut (1965)
Grodzins, Morton M.
Guarantee Clause
Gun Control


Hamilton, Alexander
Hammer v. Dagenhart (1918)
Harlan, John Marshall
Hartford Convention
Health Care Policy
Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States (1964)
Higher Education Act
Higher Education Compacts
Hines v. Davidowitz (1941)
Hipolite Egg Company v. United States (1911)
Holmes v. Walton (1780)
Home Building and Loan v. Blaisdell (1934)
Home Rule
Homeland Security
Homestead Act of 1862
Horizontal Federalism


Identity Politics in the Federal System
Implied Powers of the U.S. Constitution
Incorporation (Nationalization) of the Bill of Rights
Incorporation of the Bill of Rights
Interest Groups in the Federal System
Interest-Group System
Intergovernmental Lobbying
Intergovernmental Management
Intergovernmental Relations
Intergovernmental Tax Immunity
Interlocal Relations
Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act
Internal Improvements
International City/County Management Association
Internet Taxes
Interstate and Defense Highways Act
Interstate Commerce
Interstate Commerce Act of 1887
Interstate Compacts
Interstate Relations
Interstate Renditions


Jackson, Andrew
Jefferson, Thomas
Johnson, Lyndon B.
Judiciary Act of 1789, Section 25


Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854
Katzenbach v. Morgan (1965)
Kelo v. City of New London (2005)
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
Kestnbaum Commission on Intergovernmental Relations
King v. Burwell
Klopfer v. North Carolina (1967)


Land Use
Law Enforcement
Layer Cake Federalism
Lincoln-Douglas Debates
Lincoln, Abraham
Livingston, William S.
Local Government
Lochner v. New York (1905)
Lopez v. United States
Louisiana Purchase 
Lucas v. South Carolina Coastal Council (1992)
Luther v. Borden (1849)


Madison v. Alabama (2019)
Madison, James
Malloy v. Hogan
Malloy v. Hogan (1964)
Mapp v. Ohio (1961)
Marble Cake Federalism
Marshall, John
Martin v. Hunter’s Lessee (1816)
Mason, George
Matching Requirements
McCarran-Ferguson Act
McCray v. United States (1904)
McCulloch v. Maryland
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
McDonald v. City of Chicago (2010)
McGirt v. Oklahoma (2020)
Metropolitan Planning Organizations
Michigan v. Long (1983)
Military Affairs
Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
Missouri Compromise of 1820
Missouri v. Holland (1920)
Morality Policy
Morrill Act of 1862
Mount Lemmon Fire District v. John Guido, et al. (2019)
Municipal Government
Municipal Securities / Municipal Bonds
Munn vs. Illinois
Murphy v. National Collegiate Athletic Association (2018)


Nathan, Richard P.
National Association of Counties
National Association of Towns and Townships
National Conference of State Legislatures
National Defense and Interstate Highway Act of 1956
National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius, 567 U.S. 519 (2012)
National Governors’ Association
National Guard
National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933
National Labor Relations Act of 1935
National Labor Relations Board v. Jones and Laughlin Steel Corporation (1937)
National League of Cities
National League of Cities v. Usery (1976)
National Security
Nationalization of the Bill of Rights
Native American Sovereignty
Native Americans
Near v. Minnesota (1931)
Necessary and Proper Clause
New Deal
New Federalism
New Federalism (Nixon)
New Federalism (Reagan)
New Jersey Plan
New Judicial Federalism
New Partnership Federalism
New State Ice Company v. Liebmann (1932)
New York v. United States (1992)
Nixon, Richard M.
No Child Left Behind Act
Nollan v. California Coastal Commission (1987)
North Carolina State Board of Dental Examiners v. Federal Trade Commission (2015)
Northwest Ordinance
Northwest Ordinance of 1784
Northwest Ordinance of 1787


O’Connor, Sandra Day
Obama, Barack
Obergefell v. Hodges (2015)
Original Jurisdiction of Supreme Court


Palko v. Connecticut (1937)
Parker Drilling Management Services, Ltd. v. Brian Newton (2019)
Parker v. Gladden (1966)
Pass through Requirements
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
Pennsylvania v. Nelson (1956)
Perez v. United States (1971)
Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996
Picket Fence Federalism
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
Pointer v. Texas (1965)
Police Power
Policy Diffusion
Political Culture
Political Parties
President of the United States
Prigg v. Pennsylvania (1842)
Printz v. United States (1997)
Privileges and Immunities Clause: Article IV
Privileges and Immunities Clause: Fourteenth Amendment
Project Grants
Public Administration
Public Interest Groups
Public Lands
Public Officials’ Associations
Public Officials’ Organizations


Racial Discrimination
Reagan, Ronald
Reed v. Reed (1971)
Regional Higher Education Compacts
Rehnquist, William
Report on Manufactures
Republican Guarantee Clause
Reserved Powers
Revenue Sharing
Review of Federalism in America
Reynolds v. Sims (1964)
Richard Nixon
Riker, William H.
Robinson v. California (1962)
Roe v. Wade (1973)
Roosevelt, Franklin D.
Roosevelt, Theodore
Rucho et al. v. Common Cause et al. (2019)
Rural Policy


Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974
Scalia, Antonin
Schechter Poultry Corporation v. United States (1935)
Schilb v. Kuebel (1971)
School Districts
Second Amendment
Self-government and Federalism
Seminole Tribe of Florida v. Florida (1996)
Seventeenth Amendment
Sex Discrimination
Shapiro v. Thompson (1969)
Shelby County, Alabama v. Holder, 570 U.S. 529 (2013)
Shreveport Rate Case
Sixteenth Amendment
Slaughterhouse Cases
Social Security Act of 1935
South Carolina v. Baker (1988)
South Dakota v. Dole (1987)
South Dakota v. Wayfair, Inc. (2018)
Southern Railway Company v. Reid (1912)
Sovereign Immunity
Special Districts
Spending Power
State Constitutional Law
State Constitutional Rights Federalism
State Constitutions
State Courts
State criminal proceedings
State Government
State Legislatures
State Mandates
State-Local Relations
States’ Rights
Stone v. Mississippi (1880)
Stream of Commerce
Substantive Due Process
Supremacy Clause: Article VI, Clause 2
Supreme Court of the United States


Taft-Hartley Act
Takings Clause: Fifth Amendment
Taney, Roger Brooke
Tax Competition
Tax Coordination
Taxing and Spending Power
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Act
Tenth Amendment
Texas v. White (1869)
The Federalist Papers
Thomas, Clarence
Three-fifths Compromise
Timbs v. Indiana (2019)
Toomer v. Witsell (1948)
Transportation Equity Act for the Twenty-first Century
Transportation Policy
Trump, Donald


U.S. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations
U.S. Conference of Mayors
U.S. Congress
U.S. Constitution
U.S. Constitution (full document)
U.S. Controlled Substances Act
U.S. Territories
Unfunded Mandates
United States Term Limits v. Thornton (1995)
United States Trust Company v. New Jersey (1977)
United States v. Butler (1936)
United States v. Cooley (2021)
United States v. E. C. Knight Company (1895)
United States v. Lopez (1995)
United States v. Morrison (2002)
United States v. Printz
United States v. Windsor (2013)
Urban Policy
USA PATRIOT Act of 2001


Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
Virginia Plan
Virginia v. Tennessee (1893)
Voting Rights Act of 1965


Wagner Act
Walker v. Texas Division, Sons of Confederate Veterans (2015)
Wallace, George C.
Washington v. Glucksberg (1997)
Washington v. Texas (1967)
Watts, Ronald L.
Webster-Hayne Debate
Webster, Daniel
Welfare Policy
West Coast Hotel Company v. Parrish (1937)
Wheare, Kenneth Clinton
White House Office of Intergovernmental Affairs
Wickard v. Filburn (1942)
Wilson, Woodrow
Wolf v. Colorado (1949)


Younger v. Harris (1971)


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