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Publius: The Journal of Federalism

The Center’s flagship publication is Publius: The Journal of Federalism–the world’s leading international journal devoted to federalism. Publius was the pen name used by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison in 1787-1788 when they wrote The Federalist – a series of commentaries in defense of the federal republic created by the proposed Federal Constitution of 1787. It is an appropriate name for a journal devoted to the development and diffusion of knowledge about federalism and intergovernmental relations. Each year, Publius issues an annual review of American federalism that highlights and analyzes federalism and intergovernmental issues in the preceding year. The journal publishes other special issues dedicated to subjects of theoretical and practical significance, as well as open issues containing articles on many different topics. On numerous occasions, Publius articles were first tested as working papers among colleagues at conferences and other events sponsored by the Center or one of its partner organizations or in response to a call for papers issued by the CFS Notebook/Federalism Report.

Publius is sponsored by the Section on Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations of the American Political Science Association. Publius is published on behalf of CSF Associates: Publius, Inc. housed at the Robert B. and Helen S. Meyner Center for the Study of State and Local Government at Lafayette College, Easton, PA. For more information on Publius, visit and search the archives for free tables of contents at

CFS Notebook
(later, CSF Notebook; then, The Federalism Report)

The Notebook began with volume 1:1 in Winter 1972 as an information-sharing and community-building vehicle for subscribers to Publius: The Journal of Federalism (created in 1971) and the members of the Conference for Federal Studies (CFS). (Back issues can be found elsewhere on this site.) Initially published three times a year, then quarterly, the Notebook disseminated CFS member contact information, research notes and papers by members, course syllabi of the members, occasional book reviews and bibliographies, an annual inventory of member research, news on Center and Conference activities, and calls for articles and announcements of Publius issues. The Notebook also published announcements of allied organizations and projects, including panels and business activities of the Federalism Section of the American Political Science Association (APSA) and conferences and other activities of the International Association of Centers for Federal Studies (IACFS).

In Fall 1987, the title of the Notebook was changed to the CSF Notebook. In Winter 1992, the format of the Center’s quarterly reporting evolved to keep pace with expanded activities. The CSF Notebook continued to report news of the Center, its fellows, and members of CFS. A second and newly created newsletter IACFS Update was dedicated to reporting IACFS news, research projects of member institutions, and related international developments. A third newly formed newsletter, The Federalism/Intergovernmental Relations Newsletter reported organization business and activities of the APSA Section. All three were published together in The Federalism Report. The Federalism Report also included the Center’s long-standing publication, “The Covenant Letter,” the dissemination vehicle for the Center’s Covenant Workshop (see Federalism Report, volume 21:3 (Fall 1996)). By 2003 the Notebook’s successor, The Federalism Report was mailed to approximately 2,000 individuals and libraries including Publius subscribers, APSA Section members, and others on the CSF mailing list.

In 1992, the new Federalism Report entered the electronic age beginning a Bitnet directory of five members with email addresses and a listserv called STATEPOL organized by Jim Hoefler at Dickinson College for those interested in discussing state politics. In 1996, the Center joined the Worldwide Web at

Beginning with volume 24:1-2 (Spring – Summer 2001), The Federalism Report was published twice yearly by the Meyner Center for the Study of State and Local Government at Lafayette College, PA, and the Institute for Regional Analysis and Public Policy, Morehead State University, KT. John Kincaid of the Meyner Center served as Editor; Michael Hail, IRAPP Director of Research and Development served as Associate Editor; Jeremy Hall, IRAPP Research Associate, was Production Editor.

Over the decades, the Notebook/Report provided a sounding board for preliminary ideas and research by member scholars. Some highlights include:

  • Deil S. Wright, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, “Intergovernmental Relations: Origins of a Term,” III:2 (Fall 1973).
  • Jaime Benitez, Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico, “The Future of Commonwealth,” IV:4 (Fall 1974).
  • “Governmental Recruitment and Staffing,” no author, an early detailed analysis of state legislative internship programs, with special emphasis on New York State programs, 5:3 (Summer 1975).
  • Research note in which Raymond Tatalovich analyzes the frequency of campaign stops by Democratic and Republican candidates in the presidential races from 1932 to 1972 based on the size, party competitiveness, and region of states visited, 6:3 (Summer 1976).
  • “Why Sixteen Billion Dollars Have Not Saved the Central Cities: An Exchange” by Howard Schuman (Assistant to Senator William Proxmire), Donna Shalala (Assistant Secretary of HUD), and Paul Dommel (Brookings), 9:4 (Fall 1979).
  • Donald S. Lutz, “Federalism and Changing Ideas of Rights in America, 1621 – 1983,” 14: 1/2 (Summer 1986).
  • John Pittinger, former Pennsylvania Education Secretary and Rutgers Law Professor, offers thoughtful suggestions for a “Federalism Research Agenda,” 16:1 (Summer 1990).
  • Samuel Beer, “Federalism and the Nation State: What We Can Learn From the American Experience,” 18:2 (Winter 1992).
  • Charles H. Hamilton’s Research Agenda, “Citizenship and Voluntarism: On the Vitality of Civil Society,” 18:3 (Spring 1993).
  • John Kincaid, “Reinventing Federalism: Principles and Challenges” – an ACIR report to the President with a good distillation of principles and challenges facing American federalism at the time, 18:3 (Spring 1993).
  • Bibliography of current works in print on covenant and politics, including a bibliography of Bill Clinton’s “New Covenant,”21:3 (Fall 1996).
  • John Kincaid’s U.S. Senate Testimony on Coercive Federalism, 21:3 (Fall 1996).
  • Daniel J. Elazar’s nuanced analysis of the variety of ancient confederations in “The Hellenic-Ionian Leagues: The First European Confederations,” 21:4 (Spring 1997).
  • Richard L. Cole and John Kincaid, “Terrorism and Federalism,” 25:1-2 (Winter/Spring 2002).
  • Vladimir Ryzhkov, State Duma Deputy and former CSF international institute participant, “The Russian Federation: Diversity versus Unity,” 26:1-2 (Winter/Spring 2003).

Websites for Research on Federalism-Related Topics

This resource provides links to organizations and periodicals publishing federalism-related research-based studies. There are three sections.

The first section includes organizations that specialize in research-based studies of federalism.

The second section includes other organizations (so indicated) that do more broadly based policy research with occasional studies on federalism.

The third section lists periodicals with federalism research as their primary mission. Not included is the wider pool of periodicals that publish occasional articles on federalism. To explore that pool, scholars should use wider search engines available at most college and universities and larger public libraries.

Organizations Specializing in Federalism Research


Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations (ACIR)
Provides full text of many publications, including surveys, information reports, policy reports, serial publications, and selected documents of the U.S. ACIR– the lead federal agency charged with monitoring and analyzing intergovernmental relations in the American federal system (1959 – 1996).

American Council on Intergovernmental Relations
Nonprofit organization created in 1996 by staff of the U.S. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations (ACIR).

APSA Section on Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations of the American Political Science Association
The section is a membership organization that primarily organizes panels at the annual APSA meeting. This site lists section officers and awards. The section sponsors Publius: The Journal of Federalism.

ASPA Section on Intergovernmental Administration and Management of the American Society for Public Administration
The section is a membership organization that primarily organizes panels at the annual ASPA meeting. This site lists events, awards, and other information. The section sponsors the State and Local Government Review.

Center for the Study of Federalism
The Center hosts this website and seeks to provide a wide range of research and other materials on American and comparative federalism. Included on this site are an encyclopedia and timeline on American federalism as well as an archive of center materials and other publications and history of center activities.

Centro Studi sul Federalism 
Founded in 2000 and located in Turin, Italy, the center conducts interdisciplinary research and promotes public debate on domestic and supra-national federalism, regional integration (especially the European Union), and problems of world order. It also publishes Perspectives on Federalism.

Comparative Federalism and Federation Research Committee, RC28, of the International Political Science Association (IPSA)
The Research Committee is a membership organization that sponsors research and organizes panels at the biennial IPSA meetings. This site lists its officers with brief bios, awards, news and events, publications by members, and partner organizations.

The De-Centralization Dataset
This website contains detailed data and papers on centralization and decentralization in Australia, Canada, Germany, India, Switzerland, and the United States since the founding of each federation.

ECPR Standing Group on Federalism and Regionalism of the European Consortium for Political Research
The group brings together scholars in Europe and elsewhere with interests in federalism, regionalism, and related subjects. Their link provides officers and events and a connection to the larger consortium of which they are a part.

Fifty Shades of Federalism
This website is based at Canterbury Christchurch University and features weekly research reports on federalism issues. The material is multidisciplinary in nature, with contributions from politician scientists, theorists and constitutional lawyers.

Forum of Federations
An international governance organization and learning network consisting of ten federal governments and based in Ottawa, Canada. Its site provides information about projects, research, and publications.

International Association of Centers for Federal Studies (IACFS)
A worldwide organization bringing together member centers and institutes dedicated to researching and furthering the study of federal principles, patterns, and processes in political systems that have federal features. Its site consists of information about the association and its publications and activities as well as links to its members’ sites. The site also has links to journals related to federalism at

Policy Surveillance Program: State Laws Preempting Local Governments in the United States
This site, maintained by the Policy Surveillance Program in the Beasley School of Law at Temple University, contains data and information on U.S. state laws that preempt various aspects of local government authority.

Other Organizations


American Community Survey
The U.S. Census Bureau conducts an annual survey collecting data on social, economic, and housing characteristics of American communities.

American Enterprise Institute
Conservative-leaning policy think tank with occasional studies related to federalism.

American Legislative Exchange Council
Policy research organization on state issues representing state legislators committed to limited government, free markets, and federalism. Also see American City County Exchange for policy research on local issues.

American Policy Directory
Provides links to many think tanks and interest groups covering a wide range of public policy issues.

Avalon Project of Yale Law School: Documents in Law, History, and Diplomacy
Documents in American government, law, and history, such as state constitutions of the founding era, papers of The Federalist, inaugural addresses of U.S. presidents, and landmark statutes and treaties of the United States.

Encyclopedic site bringing together data, news, and general information on federal, state, and local election laws, processes, and outcomes.

Baxter Family Competition on Federalism
This writing competition is organized by McGill University’s Faculty of Law and the Peter MacKell Chair in Federalism and made possible through the support of McGill alumni Rachel and Colin Baxter.

Brookings Institution
Liberal-leaning policy think tank with occasional studies related to federalism, especially as concerns cities and regions.

Cato Institute
Libertarian think tank with occasional studies of federalism.

Census of Governments
The U.S. Census Bureau collects and publishes information on the structure and powers of state and local governments, data on public finance and public employment, and data on intergovernmental fiscal relations.

Center for State Constitutional Studies at Rutgers—The State University, Camden
Resources provided for teaching and research about America’s state constitutions and principles of republicanism, federalism, and constitutionalism.

Center for the Study of the American Constitution of the University of Wisconsin
Complete collection of primary documents of the state ratifying conventions, 1787-88. There is commentary and analysis about ideas, issues, and debates at the state conventions that ratified the U.S. Constitution.

Conference of Chief Justices
The conference consists of the highest judicial officer in every state. The website contains information of interest to persons concerned with the various facets of state court administration and state law.

Congressional Budget Office (CBO)
CBO issues an annual report titled CBO’s Activities Under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act. The 2016 report listed intergovernmental and private-sector mandates from 2006 to 2015 with discussion of cost estimates and enforcement mechanisms.

Congressional Research Service Reports
The CRS provides policy research to members of Congress. The reports are not provided directly to the public, but many reports are available on the above websites. Some reports deal with federalism or intergovernmental relations.

Constitute: The World’s Constitutions
Constitutions of countries around the world today can be read, analyzed, and compared. Side-by-side comparisons can be made in regard to purpose, principles, powers, prohibitions, and frameworks of government.

Council of State Governments (CSG)
CSG publishes wide-ranging information on state government including the Book of the States, an annual review that provides scholarly studies on recent developments for each branch of state government and various state policy issue areas as well as federal-state and state-local relations. Archived volumes can be accessed for free.

CQ Researcher
Provides fairly in-depth coverage of current public issues, some of which involve federalism and intergovernmental relations.

Education Commission of the States
News and links to research and reports on state education policy. “ED Beat” provides a free subscription news service.

Edward Elgar Publishing
Publishes book series on federalism, which can be accessed by searching on “Federalism.”

Find Policy
Matches policy issues with policy options developed by policy research institutions.

Founders’ Constitution: The University of Chicago Press
Online version of a highly regarded 1987 publication. It is a comprehensive collection of primary documents on the sources, debates, immediate application of the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights. Documents from the early seventeenth century to the 1830s are uniquely arranged Article by Article of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, allowing the reader to search documents relating to a particular section and clause of the Constitution.

Government Accountability Office
An investigative arm of the U.S. Congress, GAO issues reports available at this website on many topics, some of which concern federalism and intergovernmental relations.

Heritage Foundation
Conservative think tank with occasional studies of federalism.

Institute for Local Self-Reliance
Provides strategies and information for environmentally sound and equitable community development.

Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR)
Housed in the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan, ICPSR collects data sets and studies from researchers and research institutions in areas of political and social research. Its coverage includes a wide range of political data on communities, leadership, government structures and policies, legal systems, legislative bodies, mass political attitudes and behavior, social indicators, and institutions.

Initiative and Referendum Institute at the University of South Carolina
Elections results, articles, and working papers for current and previous years for state and local initiatives and referendums.

Institute for Advanced Studies in Culture at the University of Virginia
An interdisciplinary research center whose site offers free access to the institute’s biannual journal, Culture, as well as archives of audio and video resources on trends and issues in political culture from leading scholars.

International City/County Management Association (ICMA)
Professional association of city and county managers occasionally publishing nuts-and-bolts studies on such subjects as human resources with relevance to federalism.

Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs
The center hosts the Daniel J. Elazar Online Library that provides free and full access to many of Elazar’s papers on federalism and political culture.

Law Library of Congress
Contains links to numerous legal sites and documents, including sources on comparative law and comparative constitutional law.

Legal Information Institute of Cornell University Law School
Premiere site for finding laws and legal materials, including the U.S. Code and full texts of opinions for 631 historic cases of the U.S Supreme Court. This collection of landmark cases is searchable by topic, party names, and authors of opinions.

Library of Law and Liberty of The Liberty Fund
Scholarly resources are provided on the historical development of law and individual liberty in western civilization. Relationships of liberty and the rule of law to representative and limited government are emphasized.


National Academy of Public Administration
The National Academy of Public Administration, chartered by Congress in 1967, assists government agencies on important management matters. The academy has a national network of more than 850 fellows, who include former Cabinet officers, members of Congress, governors, state legislators, mayors, and other local officials, as well as scholars, business executives, and public administrators. The following website contains information about American federalism produced by the academy’s intergovernmental standing panel and other organizations.

National Association of Counties (NACo)
NACo is the national organization representing counties and their governments in the U.S. Its site has a variety of resources about counties, their governments, and current county trends and policies. NACo publishes online papers on trend analysis, policy research, and why counties matter.

National Association of Regional Councils

National Civic League
Founded by Theodore Roosevelt, Louis Brandeis, and other municipal reformers in 1894 as the National Municipal League, the league seeks to promote good city governance and civic participation. It has published a quarterly journal, the National Civic Review, since 1912, which often contains news and articles about federalism and intergovernmental relations. See

National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL)
A national organization representing and serving the legislators and their staffs of the legislatures of the 50 states, commonwealths, and territories. Its site has a variety of resources, including State Legislatures magazine, that provide a window into the policy and governing issues facing state legislatures.

National Conference of State Trial Judges (NCSTJ)
NCSTJ is the country’s oldest, largest, and most prestigious organization of general-jurisdiction trial judges. The conference acts as an advocate on issues affecting trial judges throughout the nation and represents their interests within the American Bar Association.

National Governors Association (NGA)
NGA represents the governors of the 50 states, commonwealths, and territories. Its site includes a variety of online policy position statements and background publications on policy and governing issues facing governors.

National Institute on Money in State Politics
The Institute is a nonpartisan organization that aggregates and makes available campaign finance information from all fifty states. Their longitudinal data includes on state legislative and other state-wide elected offices.

National League of Cities (NLC)
NLC is the oldest and largest national organization representing municipal governments in the U.S. Its site collects guides, toolkits, policy analyses, research reports, and additional resources such as Cities 101 with course summaries on municipal government and challenges facing American cities.

National Network of State Polls (NNSP)
Housed at the Odum Institute for Research in Social Science at the University of North Carolina, NNSP is a confederation of organizations conducting state public opinion surveys.

U.S. Office of Management and Budget
OMB, an arm of the federal executive branch, provides information about many aspects of the U.S. government, including the federal budget, reports, and testimony before the Congress.

Ostrom Workshop on Political Theory and Policy Analysis at Indiana University Bloomington
The Workshop conducts research on polycentric governance; its website provides research and resources, including working papers and the newsletter, Polycentric Circles.

Pew Research Center
The center is a “nonpartisan fact tank” reporting on issues and attitudes of American society and politics with extensive databases and analyses of public opinion, media, demographics, and other social science research. Especially relevant is the center for State and Local Government at

Brings together pro and con points of view and resources on over 50 controversial issues in such areas as education, health, politics, gender, and science and technology.

Public Policy Center at the University of Iowa
The center disseminates research and resources about current public policy issues.

Real Clear Politics
Brings together news coverage and averages public opinion poll results from a wide variety of sources (newspapers to twitter) across the political spectrum.

Rockefeller Institute of Government

Routledge Publishers
Publishes a book series on federalism and decentralization.

Discussions of recent developments in U.S. Supreme Court jurisprudence. Includes links to petitions, oral arguments and briefs. Good source for up-to-the-minute news and analysis Supreme Court decisions.

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Online reference includes articles on all facets of philosophy, including scholars and topics in political philosophy germane to American government and politics.

State and Local Legal Center
The center submits amicus curiae briefs to the U.S. Supreme Court on behalf of state and local governments. Its site presents articles and briefs pertaining to U.S. Supreme Court cases relating to federalism. State Policy Network Federation of 65 free-market think tanks.

State Innovation Exchange
Liberal policy research organization providing state legislative policy proposals.

Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS)
Official page of the United States Supreme Court, featuring the court’s opinions and orders, calendar and schedules, rules, news releases and general information.

Tribal Court Clearinghouse
Clearinghouse on tribal, federal, and state laws and policies relating to American Indians and Alaska Natives.

United States Conference of Mayors
Association representing large-cities and their mayors with occasional reports relating to federalism from an urban perspective.

Urban Institute
Conducts a wide range of federal, state, and local policy research relating to urban, metropolitan, and broad social and fiscal issues.

Volokh Conspiracy
One of the most influential legal blogs in the United States covering a wide range of topics, including federalism, from a generally libertarian and conservative perspectives.

Westlaw Next and LexisNexis Academic
Westlaw Next and LexisNexis Academic include the texts of almost all federal and state court opinions, the legal briefs in many Supreme Court cases, federal and state statutes, and the vast majority of law review articles.

World Values Survey
This site reports results of public opinion surveys conducted every five years since 1981 on cultural values and beliefs. The survey allows the user to compare public opinion in eighty countries (including the United States) on a wide range of social, political, and economic topics.


Federal Governance
An international online graduate student journal on federalism, sponsored by the Forum of Federations.

An undergraduate student electronic journal on federalism housed at the Institute of Intergovernmental Relations, Queen’s University, Canada.

Governing is an online magazine on state and local government, politics, and policy.

L’Europe en formation
Quarterly journal publishes articles in either English or French on European integration, international relations, and federalism. Published since 1960 by Centre international de formation européenne (CIFE).

The Federalist: A Political Review
An annual journal sponsored by the Fondazione Europea Luciano Bolis and Fondazione Mario e Valeria Albertini. It covers many topics but its main focus is federalism in the European Union.

The Federalist Debate: Papers on Federalism in Europe and the World
A journal of short articles published three times a year by the Einstein Center for International Studies and the Centre for Studies on Federalism. It publishes short news items, analytic articles, and book reviews pertinent to federalism, especially on Europe and concepts of a world federation. It is co-sponsored by the World Federalist Movement and is promoted by the Young European Federalists (JEF) and the Union of European Federalists (UEF).

Indian Journal of Federal Studies
A bi-annual journal devoted to studies and research on federalism, pluralism, nationalism, and comparative governments and politics from cross-cultural perspectives.

Perspectives on Federalism
Journal on federalism housed at the Centro Studi sul Federalismo (Centre for Studies on Federalism), Moncalieri, Italy. Articles available in English.

Publius: The Journal of Federalism
Published quarterly, Publius is the world’s leading journal on federalism.

Regional and Federal Studies formerly Regional Political and Policy (1991 – 1994)
Journal publishes articles on a wide range of topics related to comparative territorial politics, including federalism, regionalism, intergovernmental relations, and decentralization.

State and Local Government Review
Official journal of the Section on Intergovernmental Administration and Management (SIAM) of the American Society for Public Administration, this quarterly journal publishes articles on state and local government politics, policy, and management.

State Politics and Policy Quarterly
Quarterly journal publishing scholarly research on the U.S. states.

News, research, and analysis on the U.S. states with annual features on the State of the States for the current year and a Legislative Review for the previous year; organized by The Pew Charitable Trusts.

Stateside Associates
“This Week in the States” reports state government news and information on a weekly basis.

Spectrum: The Journal of State Governments (1992 – 2005)
Journal on state government published by the Council of State Governments.
Describes political orientation of leading U.S. magazines from American Conservative to the World Tribune

Archival Resources

James L. Martin Papers, 1957-1999

These papers document the work of James L. Martin, who was Director of the Office of State and Federal Relations for the National Governors’ Association (NGA) until 1998. The papers contain correspondence, memoranda, position papers, background materials, research documents, meeting notes, and policy statements related to some of the major legislative issues facing the nation during the 1980s and 1990s. Major topics include: budget, education, government financing, healthcare, mandates, regulatory reform, taxation, and welfare reform.

James L. Martin began his career with the NGA as deputy director from 1967 to 1979. He then became the legislative counsel and director of the NGA’s Office of State and Federal Relations until his retirement in 1998. As lead legislative counsel, Martin was the chief point person for coordinating the legislative agenda of the nation’s governors with the White House and congressional leaders. He also served as a liaison to the thirty-five Washington offices of individual governors, as well as the coordinator for the state and local coalition.

Cite as James L. Martin Papers, Special Collections and College Archives, David Bishop Skillman Library, Lafayette College, Easton, Pennsylvania, USA. Access is available without restriction.