American Community Survey
The U.S. Census Bureau conducts an annual survey collecting data on social, economic, and housing characteristics of American communities.
American Enterprise Institute
Conservative-leaning policy think tank with occasional studies related to federalism.
American Legislative Exchange Council
Policy research organization on state issues representing state legislators committed to limited government, free markets, and federalism. Also see American City County Exchange for policy research on local issues.
American Policy Directory
Provides links to many think tanks and interest groups covering a wide range of public policy issues.
Avalon Project of Yale Law School: Documents in Law, History, and Diplomacy
Documents in American government, law, and history, such as state constitutions of the founding era, papers of The Federalist, inaugural addresses of U.S. presidents, and landmark statutes and treaties of the United States.
Encyclopedic site bringing together data, news, and general information on federal, state, and local election laws, processes, and outcomes.
Baxter Family Competition on Federalism
This writing competition is organized by McGill University’s Faculty of Law and the Peter MacKell Chair in Federalism and made possible through the support of McGill alumni Rachel and Colin Baxter.
Liberal-leaning policy think tank with occasional studies related to federalism, especially as concerns cities and regions.
Libertarian think tank with occasional studies of federalism.
Census of Governments
The U.S. Census Bureau collects and publishes information on the structure and powers of state and local governments, data on public finance and public employment, and data on intergovernmental fiscal relations.
Center for State Constitutional Studies at Rutgers—The State University, Camden
Resources provided for teaching and research about America’s state constitutions and principles of republicanism, federalism, and constitutionalism.
Center for the Study of the American Constitution of the University of Wisconsin
Complete collection of primary documents of the state ratifying conventions, 1787-88. There is commentary and analysis about ideas, issues, and debates at the state conventions that ratified the U.S. Constitution.
Conference of Chief Justices
The conference consists of the highest judicial officer in every state. The website contains information of interest to persons concerned with the various facets of state court administration and state law.
Congressional Budget Office (CBO)
CBO issues an annual report titled CBO’s Activities Under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act. The 2016 report listed intergovernmental and private-sector mandates from 2006 to 2015 with discussion of cost estimates and enforcement mechanisms.
Congressional Research Service Reports
The CRS provides policy research to members of Congress. The reports are not provided directly to the public, but many reports are available on the above websites. Some reports deal with federalism or intergovernmental relations.
Constitute: The World’s Constitutions
Constitutions of countries around the world today can be read, analyzed, and compared. Side-by-side comparisons can be made in regard to purpose, principles, powers, prohibitions, and frameworks of government.
Council of State Governments (CSG)
CSG publishes wide-ranging information on state government including the Book of the States, an annual review that provides scholarly studies on recent developments for each branch of state government and various state policy issue areas as well as federal-state and state-local relations. Archived volumes can be accessed for free.
Provides fairly in-depth coverage of current public issues, some of which involve federalism and intergovernmental relations.
Education Commission of the States
News and links to research and reports on state education policy. “ED Beat” provides a free subscription news service.
Edward Elgar Publishing
Publishes book series on federalism, which can be accessed by searching on “Federalism.”
Matches policy issues with policy options developed by policy research institutions.
Founders’ Constitution: The University of Chicago Press
Online version of a highly regarded 1987 publication. It is a comprehensive collection of primary documents on the sources, debates, immediate application of the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights. Documents from the early seventeenth century to the 1830s are uniquely arranged Article by Article of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, allowing the reader to search documents relating to a particular section and clause of the Constitution.
Government Accountability Office
An investigative arm of the U.S. Congress, GAO issues reports available at this website on many topics, some of which concern federalism and intergovernmental relations.
Conservative think tank with occasional studies of federalism.
Institute for Local Self-Reliance
Provides strategies and information for environmentally sound and equitable community development.
Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR)
Housed in the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan, ICPSR collects data sets and studies from researchers and research institutions in areas of political and social research. Its coverage includes a wide range of political data on communities, leadership, government structures and policies, legal systems, legislative bodies, mass political attitudes and behavior, social indicators, and institutions.
Initiative and Referendum Institute at the University of South Carolina
Elections results, articles, and working papers for current and previous years for state and local initiatives and referendums.
Institute for Advanced Studies in Culture at the University of Virginia
An interdisciplinary research center whose site offers free access to the institute’s biannual journal, Culture, as well as archives of audio and video resources on trends and issues in political culture from leading scholars.
International City/County Management Association (ICMA)
Professional association of city and county managers occasionally publishing nuts-and-bolts studies on such subjects as human resources with relevance to federalism.
Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs
The center hosts the Daniel J. Elazar Online Library that provides free and full access to many of Elazar’s papers on federalism and political culture.
Law Library of Congress
Contains links to numerous legal sites and documents, including sources on comparative law and comparative constitutional law.
Legal Information Institute of Cornell University Law School
Premiere site for finding laws and legal materials, including the U.S. Code and full texts of opinions for 631 historic cases of the U.S Supreme Court. This collection of landmark cases is searchable by topic, party names, and authors of opinions.
Library of Law and Liberty of The Liberty Fund
Scholarly resources are provided on the historical development of law and individual liberty in western civilization. Relationships of liberty and the rule of law to representative and limited government are emphasized.
National Academy of Public Administration
The National Academy of Public Administration, chartered by Congress in 1967, assists government agencies on important management matters. The academy has a national network of more than 850 fellows, who include former Cabinet officers, members of Congress, governors, state legislators, mayors, and other local officials, as well as scholars, business executives, and public administrators. The following website contains information about American federalism produced by the academy’s intergovernmental standing panel and other organizations.
National Association of Counties (NACo)
NACo is the national organization representing counties and their governments in the U.S. Its site has a variety of resources about counties, their governments, and current county trends and policies. NACo publishes online papers on trend analysis, policy research, and why counties matter.
National Association of Regional Councils
National Civic League
Founded by Theodore Roosevelt, Louis Brandeis, and other municipal reformers in 1894 as the National Municipal League, the league seeks to promote good city governance and civic participation. It has published a quarterly journal, the National Civic Review, since 1912, which often contains news and articles about federalism and intergovernmental relations. See http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1542-7811/issues
National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL)
A national organization representing and serving the legislators and their staffs of the legislatures of the 50 states, commonwealths, and territories. Its site has a variety of resources, including State Legislatures magazine, that provide a window into the policy and governing issues facing state legislatures.
National Conference of State Trial Judges (NCSTJ)
NCSTJ is the country’s oldest, largest, and most prestigious organization of general-jurisdiction trial judges. The conference acts as an advocate on issues affecting trial judges throughout the nation and represents their interests within the American Bar Association.
National Governors Association (NGA)
NGA represents the governors of the 50 states, commonwealths, and territories. Its site includes a variety of online policy position statements and background publications on policy and governing issues facing governors.
National Institute on Money in State Politics
The Institute is a nonpartisan organization that aggregates and makes available campaign finance information from all fifty states. Their longitudinal data includes on state legislative and other state-wide elected offices.
National League of Cities (NLC)
NLC is the oldest and largest national organization representing municipal governments in the U.S. Its site collects guides, toolkits, policy analyses, research reports, and additional resources such as Cities 101 with course summaries on municipal government and challenges facing American cities.
National Network of State Polls (NNSP)
Housed at the Odum Institute for Research in Social Science at the University of North Carolina, NNSP is a confederation of organizations conducting state public opinion surveys.
U.S. Office of Management and Budget
OMB, an arm of the federal executive branch, provides information about many aspects of the U.S. government, including the federal budget, reports, and testimony before the Congress.
Ostrom Workshop on Political Theory and Policy Analysis at Indiana University Bloomington
The Workshop conducts research on polycentric governance; its website provides research and resources, including working papers and the newsletter, Polycentric Circles.
Pew Research Center
The center is a “nonpartisan fact tank” reporting on issues and attitudes of American society and politics with extensive databases and analyses of public opinion, media, demographics, and other social science research. Especially relevant is the center for State and Local Government at http://www.pewresearch.org/topics/state-and-local-government/
Brings together pro and con points of view and resources on over 50 controversial issues in such areas as education, health, politics, gender, and science and technology.
Public Policy Center at the University of Iowa
The center disseminates research and resources about current public policy issues.
Real Clear Politics
Brings together news coverage and averages public opinion poll results from a wide variety of sources (newspapers to twitter) across the political spectrum.
Rockefeller Institute of Government
Publishes a book series on federalism and decentralization.
Discussions of recent developments in U.S. Supreme Court jurisprudence. Includes links to petitions, oral arguments and briefs. Good source for up-to-the-minute news and analysis Supreme Court decisions.
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Online reference includes articles on all facets of philosophy, including scholars and topics in political philosophy germane to American government and politics.
State and Local Legal Center
The center submits amicus curiae briefs to the U.S. Supreme Court on behalf of state and local governments. Its site presents articles and briefs pertaining to U.S. Supreme Court cases relating to federalism. State Policy Network https://spn.org Federation of 65 free-market think tanks.
State Innovation Exchange
Liberal policy research organization providing state legislative policy proposals.
Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS)
Official page of the United States Supreme Court, featuring the court’s opinions and orders, calendar and schedules, rules, news releases and general information.
Tribal Court Clearinghouse
Clearinghouse on tribal, federal, and state laws and policies relating to American Indians and Alaska Natives.
United States Conference of Mayors
Association representing large-cities and their mayors with occasional reports relating to federalism from an urban perspective.
Conducts a wide range of federal, state, and local policy research relating to urban, metropolitan, and broad social and fiscal issues.
One of the most influential legal blogs in the United States covering a wide range of topics, including federalism, from a generally libertarian and conservative perspectives.
Westlaw Next and LexisNexis Academic
Westlaw Next and LexisNexis Academic include the texts of almost all federal and state court opinions, the legal briefs in many Supreme Court cases, federal and state statutes, and the vast majority of law review articles.
World Values Survey
This site reports results of public opinion surveys conducted every five years since 1981 on cultural values and beliefs. The survey allows the user to compare public opinion in eighty countries (including the United States) on a wide range of social, political, and economic topics.