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Topic: Intergovernmental Relations

Intergovernmental Relations

State-Local Relations

The relationship between state and local governments in the United States is often characterized as being one-sided, with state governments dominating the powers and…

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Intergovernmental Relations

Foreign Affairs and Federalism

Federalism has played a major, but sometimes overlooked, role in U.S. foreign policy. Given that the weak national government created by the Articles of…

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Intergovernmental Relations


The removal of one or more legislative, executive, and/or administrative powers by a superior government from one or more inferior governments within a nation…

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Intergovernmental Relations

Crossover Sanctions

Crossover sanctions are fiscal sanctions applied to one government program in order to influence policy in another program area. Because the sanction withholds money…

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Intergovernmental Relations

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (2009)

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA or “Recovery Act”) was passed in early February of 2009, in the second month of President Obama’s term in…

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Intergovernmental Relations

Executive Orders

The issue of federalism has not always been a high priority for presidents. Few presidents have issued executive orders addressing federalism, let alone executive orders of…

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Intergovernmental Relations

Dillon’s Rule

Named after nineteenth-century Ohio Judge John Forrest Dillon, who famously expounded the principle, Dillon’s Rule is a strict construction of the authority of local…

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Intergovernmental Relations

Federal-State Relations

Federal-State relations have many facets, from legal and financial to political, and have varied from cordial to combative. This entry examines the constitutional clauses…

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